As the world continues to grapple with the pressing issue of climate change, many countries and organizations have come together to form an international emissions agreement. The goal of this agreement is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and limit the effects of global warming.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is the leading international organization tackling the issue of climate change. The UNFCCC has brought together nearly every country on earth to create a global emissions reduction agreement. The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow, Scotland, is set to be a major milestone in the effort to tackle climate change and achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement.
The Paris Agreement, signed in 2015, was a historic agreement that saw nearly every country in the world pledge to limit their greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement aims to keep the global temperature rise well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, with a stretch goal of limiting the rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius. The agreement also aims to reduce emissions to net-zero by the second half of this century.
As of 2021, 191 countries have signed and ratified the Paris Agreement. However, notable exceptions include the United States, which withdrew from the agreement under the Trump administration, and Iran, which has yet to ratify the agreement.
The international emissions agreement has been a contentious issue, with some arguing that it places an unnecessary burden on certain countries. For example, developing countries may struggle to meet their emissions reduction targets without financial assistance from wealthier countries.
Despite these challenges, the international emissions agreement remains a crucial step in the fight against climate change. With continued efforts and collaboration, it is hoped that the goals of the Paris Agreement will be achieved and the planet will be better protected for future generations.